Four Broad Propositions of the Baltimore School
- Urban ecological science addresses the whole urban mosaic, not just the green spots.
- Urban systems are complex in space, time, and organization.
- It is an integrative pursuit dealing with whole urban areas as human-ecological-technological systems.
- Ecology of cities is useful for both scientific understanding and decision making.
|Union Square corner|
Complex in Space, Time, and Organization
|W 29th Street, Baltimore|
Integrated Social-Ecological-Technological Systems
|Ecological Society of America SEEDS student field trip to Balto, 2003|
- reduces the likelihood of successful “nature based solutions” to urban problems,
- neglects the biological capacities to reduce the work required of gray infrastructure,
- neglects people’s delight in the biota of their city, suburban, and exurban places, or
- obscures the impact of rare extreme natural events.
Use-Inspired Basic Research: Ecology For the City
Difference From Other Urban Schools.
The Chicago School
The Los Angeles School
Applying the Baltimore School: Summary and Prospects
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Steward Pickett, Director Emeritus